Volume 24, Issue 2 (2022)                   JAST 2022, 24(2): 261-273 | Back to browse issues page

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Latifi Z, Shabanali Fami H. Forecasting Wheat Production in Iran Using Time Series Technique and Artificial Neural Network. JAST. 2022; 24 (2) :261-273
URL: http://jast.modares.ac.ir/article-23-52569-en.html
1- Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Shohadaye Hoveizeh Campus of Technology, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Susangerd, Islamic Republic of Iran. , z.latifi@scu.ac.ir
2- Department of Agricultural Development and Management, Faculty of Agricultural Economics and Development, College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Karaj, Islamic Republic of Iran.
Abstract:   (690 Views)
With the increase of the world population, the worries and concerns for food supply increase too. Wheat, as one of the most important agricultural products, which is widely consumed all over the world, has a very important role in people's nutrition, particularly among Iranians, the diet of whom is highly dependent on bread. Product forecasting is critical for any country so that decisions about storage, import or export, etc. can be planned. In this paper, several univariate time series models and the Artificial Neural Network (ANN) model are used to forecast wheat production in Iran. Annual wheat production, total annual precipitation, total applied fertilizer, population, and wheat cultivated area data were used in the period between 1961-1962 to 2018-2019. With the minimum values of 1.45894, 1.00329, 1.0448, and 1.09742 obtained for RMSE, AIC, HQC, and SIBC criteria, respectively, Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average (ARIMA) (1,1,1) was selected as the best univariate model. In testing the ANN models, total annual precipitation, total applied fertilizer, population, and wheat cultivated, area as input variables, and wheat production, as output variable, were used. Among several NN models, the Multilayer Perceptron Neural Network (MLP-NN) model with five hidden layers had the lowest MSE= 0.153 and was chosen in this study. Comparison between the ANN model and the ARIMA (1,1,1) model showed that RMSE= 0.391, MSE= 0.153, and MAPE= 0.4231 in the ANN model were much lower than that of the ARIMA (1,1,1) model. The results showed the power of ANN models to predict wheat production using efficient parameters, as compared to the ARIMA model.
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Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Agricultural Economics/Agriculture Production and Farm Management
Received: 2021/05/16 | Accepted: 2022/03/19 | Published: 2022/02/17

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