Volume 24, Issue 6 (2022)                   JAST 2022, 24(6): 1413-1427 | Back to browse issues page

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Habibi M, Faghani E, Rezaiei M, Mahmoudjanloo M, Razzaghi M. Evaluation of Water Stress Memory in Compensation Response of Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) during Subsequent Water Deficiency. JAST 2022; 24 (6) :1413-1427
URL: http://jast.modares.ac.ir/article-23-52062-en.html
1- Department of Biology, Faculty of Basic Sciences, Gorgan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Gorgan, Islamic Republic of Iran.
2- 2Assistant Professor, Agronomy Department, Cotton Research Institute, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Gorgan, IRAN , elhamfaghanibio@gmail.com
3- Department of Agricultural Engineering, Golestan Agriculture and Natural Resources Research and Education Center, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Gorgan, Islamic Republic of Iran.
Abstract:   (1016 Views)
This research was carried out to provide suitable cotton seed for seed propagation in dryland. In this study, the potential of cotton seeds that have been stressed for the third-consecutive year was investigated to evaluate water stress memory responses. The experiment was arranged in split-plot factorial design with four irrigation levels of W0 (No- irrigation), W1 (33% FC), W2 (66% FC), and W3 (100% FC), as the main factor, and five seed treatments (four third-stressed seeds, i.e. S21 to S24, and registered seed), as a sub-plot. Seeds of cotton were grown under different levels of water-stress exposure for three crop-seasons. As results showed, S32 received water stress signal in both W0 and W3 conditions through physiological mechanisms change. Seeds of S32 accumulated the lowest ABA and the highest calcium in exposure to W0 and W3. Enhancement to superoxide dismutase and Aspartate peroxidase activity in leaves of S32 in exposure to W0 and W1 is another memorial stress mechanism for scarce water acclimation. The highest-potential thirty-boll weight, thirty-fiber weight, and first-harvesting yield were obtained from S32 against W0, W1, and W2.. Also, the seeds of S32 had the most seedling vigor and germination percentage in exposure to W0, W1, and W2. It can be concluded that stress memory, via modification of physiology and morphology of plant behavior, helps plants to tolerate water deficiency when subjected to recurrent drought.
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Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Crop Physiology
Received: 2021/04/28 | Accepted: 2021/11/10 | Published: 2022/11/14

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