Volume 23, Issue 6 (2021)                   JAST 2021, 23(6): 1411-1423 | Back to browse issues page

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Thanh Nguyen B, Dai Dinh G, Xuan Nguyen T, Doan Do D, Thuy Phuc Nguyen D, Hung Le A, et al . Potential of Agricultural Residue-Derived Biochar as a Salt-Adsorbent Amendment for Salinity Mitigation of Brackish Water for Irrigation. JAST. 2021; 23 (6) :1411-1423
URL: http://jast.modares.ac.ir/article-23-45060-en.html
1- Institute of Environmental Science, Engineering, and Management, Industrial University of Ho Chi Minh City, 12 Nguyen Van Bao, Go Vap District, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam .
2- Institute for Chemistry and Materials, Academy of Military Science and Technology, 17- Hoang Sam, Nghia Do, Cau Giay, Hanoi, Vietnam.
3- Faculty of Environment, Ha Noi University of Mining and Geology, 18 Pho Vien, Duc Thang, Bac Tu Liem, Hanoi, Vietnam.
4- HUTECH Institute of Applied Sciences, Ho Chi Minh City University of Technology (HUTECH), 475A, Dien Bien Phu, Ward 25, Binh Thanh District, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.
Abstract:   (336 Views)
As a salt adsorbent, biochar could remove/isolate salt ions e.g. Na through physiochemical adsorption to mitigate the salinity of brackish water, but little is known about its magnitude and mechanisms. The current study aimed to examine the effects of biochar on: (1) Na-adsorptive capacity and mechanism and (2) Electrical Conductivity (EC) and K displacement. Six pyrolysis temperatures (250, 350, 450, 550, 650, and 750ºC) were applied to produce biochars from rice husk. The biochars were then used as adsorbents to adsorb Na from salty water varying in NaCl concentrations. The Langmuir isotherm Model (LMM) and Dubinin-Radushkevick isotherm Model (DRM) were used to quantify the dependence of adsorbed Na on Na concentration at equilibrium. The LMM quantification revealed that the maximum Na-adsorptive capacity of biochars increased from 25.8 to 67.8 (mg g-1) upon increased temperatures. The EC was reduced and the K amount displaced from biochar was increased with an increase in pyrolysis temperature. The DRM quantification revealed that the Na-adsorptive mechanism was mainly a physical process. A significant relationship between the Na amount adsorbed and the K amount displaced from biochar suggested that the ion-exchange mechanism could co-exist. In brief, the findings indicated that the salinity of the brackish water could be significantly mitigated by the biochar treatment through mainly physical adsorption leading to a reduced EC and increased K: Na ratio.
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Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Soil and Water Pollution
Received: 2020/08/10 | Accepted: 2021/02/7 | Published: 2021/10/27

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