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1- Iranian Research Organization for Science and Technology (IROST) , atapour@irost.org
2- Nuclear Agriculture Research School, Nuclear Science and Technology Research Institute
Abstract:   (164 Views)
The European corn borer Ostrinia nubilalis (Hübner) as a worldwide corn pest causes serious damages. In the present study, some biological aspects of O. nubilalis were investigated on three different host plants including corn stalks, potato and soybean stems, and a specific semiartificial diet. Once appropriate host was selected, developmental rates of eggs, larval and pupal stages as well as moth emergence, longevity and female fecundity were determined at four constant temperatures (20, 24, 28, and 32±1°C). The relationship between temperature and developmental rate was estimated with two linear models under laboratory condition (70-80% RH and a photoperiod of 16L:8D). Results showed significant differences between studied foods such that, corn stalk sections and semiartificial diet were appropriate host for O. nubilalis compared to the other two hosts. It was also revealed that, optimum temperature for growth of this pest was 28°C. Lower developmental threshold estimated by traditional and Ikemoto-Takai linear models for whole immature stages were about 9 and 10 °C and thermal constant were 473 and 431 DD respectively. Compared to previous studies, these values were similar in the immature stages, except for the larval stage, which could indicate the importance of nutrition and role of the plant host in temperature requirements.
     
Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Biological contol of pest
Received: 2020/03/7 | Accepted: 2020/09/19

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