Volume 19, Issue 5 (2017)                   JAST 2017, 19(5): 1103-1112 | Back to browse issues page

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Talaee L, Fathipour Y, Talebi A A, Khajehali J. Performance Evaluation of Spodoptera exigua (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) Larvae on 10 Sugar Beet Genotypes Using Nutritional Indices. JAST. 19 (5) :1103-1112
URL: http://jast.modares.ac.ir/article-23-348-en.html
1- Department of Entomology, Faculty of Agriculture, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran.
2- Department of Plant Protection, College of Agriculture, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan, Islamic Republic of Iran.
Abstract:   (3381 Views)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of ten different sugar beet genotypes on nutritional indices of the beet army worm, Spodoptera exigua (Hübner) (Lep.: Noctuidae) at 25±1°C, 60±5% RH and a photoperiod of 16:8 (L: D) hour. The sugar beets evaluated in this study included two sugar beet cultivars (HM 1339 RZ and SBSI006), five populations (SB26, SB27, SB29, SB33, SB34), one hybrid (7112*SB36)*Sh-1-HSF-5 and two lines (FC 301 and FC 220). Fourth instar larvae reared on (7112*SB36)*Sh-1-HSF-5 showed the highest Relative Growth Rate (RGR) of 0.31 mg mg-1 day-1, Relative Consumption Rate (RCR) of 4.79 mg mg-1 day-1 and Approximate Digestibility (AD) value of 94.35% compared with the other host plants. The lowest value of RCR (0.81 mg mg-1 day-1) was on SBSI006. The Efficiency of Conversion of Ingested food (ECI) was varied from 1.80% on FC 220 to 9.14% on SB34. The highest AD value of fifth instar (92.63%) wason (7112*SB36)*Sh-1-HSF-5 and the lowest value of this index was recorded on SB27 (83.71%). The highest AD value of whole larval instars was noted in (7112*SB36)*Sh-1-HSF-5 (93.73%). The lowest value of RCR (1.78 mg mg-1 day-1) was found on SB27. The heaviest pre-pupa (81.01 mg), pupa (72.55 mg) and wet adults (19.14 mg) of beet armyworm were recorded on (7112*SB36)*Sh-1-HSF-5. The results indicated that (7112*SB36)*Sh-1-HSF-5 was the most suitable host for S. exigua that should be considered in cultivation or breeding programs.
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Article Type: Research Paper | Subject: Agricultural Entomology
Received: 2016/11/9 | Accepted: 2016/12/25 | Published: 2017/09/1

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