Volume 22, Issue 1 (2020)                   JAST 2020, 22(1): 121-133 | Back to browse issues page

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Majzoobi M, Karambakhsh G, Golmakani M T, Mesbahi G, Farahnaky A. Effects of Level and Particle Size of Date Fruit Press Cake on Batter Rheological Properties and Physical and Nutritional Properties of Cake. JAST 2020; 22 (1) :121-133
URL: http://jast.modares.ac.ir/article-23-25558-en.html
1- Department of Food Science and Technology, School of Agriculture, Shiraz University, Shiraz 7144165186, Islamic republic of Iran. , majzoobimahsa@yahoo.com
2- Department of Food Science and Technology, School of Agriculture, Shiraz University, Shiraz 7144165186, Islamic republic of Iran.
Abstract:   (2523 Views)
Date Press Cake (DPC) is a by-product of date fruit juicing, which has remained mostly underutilized in food products. The main objective of this research was to investigate the viability of adding DPC in cake formulation. Thus, different levels (0, 10, 20, 30, and 40%) and particle sizes (210 µm= DPC210 and 500 µm= DPC500) of DPC were used in cake formulation. The results showed that DPC had higher fiber, ash, and fat content than cake flour. Increasing the level and reducing the particle size of DPC increased batter consistency, firmness, stickiness, cohesiveness and viscosity. Inclusion of DPC increased cake density, reduced pH and crust moisture content, but these were not affected by DPC particle size. The samples became harder and less cohesive as the level of DPC increased. DPC210 resulted in softer and less cohesive cakes compared to the DPC500. Addition of DPC improved the antioxidant content of the cakes, particularly when DPC210 was added. Overall, the sample produced with 10% DPC210 had acceptable sensory characteristics.
 
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Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Food Science and Technology
Received: 2018/09/27 | Accepted: 2019/01/19 | Published: 2020/01/30

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