Volume 10, Issue 2 (2008)                   JAST 2008, 10(2): 109-121 | Back to browse issues page

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Sanjari Pireivatlou A, Yazdansepas A. Evaluation of Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Genotypes under Pre- and Post-anthesis Drought Stress Conditions. JAST 10 (2) :109-121
URL: http://jast.modares.ac.ir/article-23-1620-en.html
1- Agricultural Research Station of Ardabil, P. O. Box: 35156-545, Ardabil, Islamic Republic of Iran.
2- Seed and Plant Improvement Institute, Karaj, Islamic Republic of Iran.
Abstract:   (5682 Views)
The responses of yield and yield components of 24 advanced bread wheat genotypes to pre- and post-anthesis drought stress conditions were studied at Ardabil Agricultural Re-search Station during the 1997-2000 cropping seasons. Results showed that genotypes produced significantly lower spikes No./m2, seeds No./spike and grain yield under pre- than in post-anthesis drought stress conditions. However, an average of 1,000 kernel weight of genotypes under pre-anthesis was higher than under non-stress and post-anthesis drought stress conditions. Selection based on TOL and SSI identified the drought tolerant genotypes with low grain yield. However, selection based on MP, GMP and STI identified drought tolerant genotypes with a high yield. Genotypes No. 13, 14 and 21 were determined as desirable genotypes based on their high grain yield under non-stress, pre-anthesis and post-anthesis drought stress conditions. The interaction effect of genotype x year was significant for membrane stability and membrane damage, however, the interac-tion effect of genotypes stages of measurement (booting and heading) were not signifi-cant. On the basis of these results, genotypes No. 13, 14 and 21 with low membrane dam-age were also identified as drought tolerant genotypes. It can be concluded that the labo-ratory test can be an useful tool in a breeding program for improving drought tolerance in wheat.
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Subject: Agronomy
Received: 2010/01/27 | Accepted: 2010/01/27 | Published: 2010/01/27

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