Volume 16, Issue 6 (2014)                   JAST 2014, 16(6): 1301-1312 | Back to browse issues page

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Eduardo M F, Correa De Mello K G P, Polakiewicz B, Da Silva Lannes S C. Evaluation of Chocolate Milk Beverage Formulated with Modified Chitosan. JAST. 16 (6) :1301-1312
URL: http://journals.modares.ac.ir/article-23-9387-en.html
1- Biochemical-Pharmaceutical Technology Department, Pharmaceutical Sciences Faculty, São Paulo University, Av. Prof. Lineu Prestes, 580/Cidade Universitária, São Paulo-SP, CEP 05508-900, Brazil.
Abstract:   (4354 Views)
Chitosan is a polysaccharide derived from chitin by N-deacetilation, which has the property of gel formation. The objective was to develop a chocolate milk beverage using modified (hydrogel) chitosan as a thickening agent, and to make a sensory and rheological evaluation of this beverage. In the sensory evaluation an acceptability and comparative test with 50 local consumers was carried out, with the developed beverage and samples from the Brazilian market, with the attributes overall acceptability and viscosity. The hybrid hedonic scale was used. The rheological evaluation was carried out with a rotational rheometer (Rheotest) with the H1 probe. A controlled rate test – ramp (0- 500, and 500-0 L s-1, 120 seconds, up and down), at 25ºC was used. There was no difference (P> 0.05) among the beverages in the overall acceptability. In spite of that, the developed beverage had a better score (7.12) in comparison with a market beverage (6.4). The beverages differed in viscosity (P< 0.05); the score of the developed beverage was 7.06 and the score of the market beverage was 5.87. The market beverage fitted to the Ostwald-de-Waele, Bingham, and Casson models, and the developed beverage fitted better to the Ostwald-de-Waele model. The consistence index (K) of the market beverage was 0.150 Pa sn, while that of the developed beverage was 1.590 Pa sn, showing a high difference in the consistence characteristic of the samples. The flow index (n) of the market beverage was 0.625 and that of the developed beverage was 0.435. All market beverages showed thixotropic behavior. The hydrogel chitosan was effective as a thickening agent and furnished a good acceptability of the beverage.
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Article Type: Research Paper | Subject: Food Science and Technology
Received: 2013/02/14 | Accepted: 2014/03/15 | Published: 2014/11/1

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