Volume 17, Issue 5 (2015)                   JAST 2015, 17(5): 1161-1170 | Back to browse issues page

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1- Department of Natural Resources, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan 84156-83111, Islamic Republic of Iran.
2- Department of Fisheries, Faculty of Natural Resources and Marine Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Noor, Islamic Republic of Iran.
Abstract:   (5820 Views)
The effects of dietary nucleotide (NT) were evaluated on some serum biochemical parameters and acute stress responses of the catfish (Pangasianodon hypophthalmus). Five experimental diets including 0, 0.25, 0.5, 0.75, and 1% NT were supplied to catfish fry for 10 weeks. At the end of the experiment, fish fed the control and 1% NT diets were subjected to handling and crowding stress. The results showed that the fish supplied with 0.25-0.75% NT had a lower level of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) (P<0.05) while other serum enzymes including alkaline phosphatase (ALP), asparate transaminase (ASP), and alanine transaminase (ALT) were not significantly reduced by NT inclusion in the diet (P>0.05). The fish which received the highest doses (0.75 and 1%) of NT exhibited higher levels of triglyceride than the other groups (P<0.05) while they showed no significant differences in other biochemical parameters including total protein, albumin, globulin, cholesterol, and glucose (P>0.05). To investigate stress responses, cortisol (primary response), serum glucose, and serum ion concentrations including sodium, potassium and calcium (secondary responses) were measured. The results showed significant fluctuations in all the tested components during the sampling intervals for up to 48 h post-stress; the exceptions, however, were glucose in the group on the 1% NT diet as well as serum cortisol and calcium levels in those supplied with the control diet. Based on the results obtained, it may be concluded that dietary NT can improve liver function in iridescent catfish, but it has no obvious positive effects on other serum biochemical parameters and stress responses. 
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Article Type: Research Paper | Subject: Fisheries
Received: 2013/08/1 | Accepted: 2014/10/27 | Published: 2015/09/1

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