Volume 18, Issue 4 (2016)                   JAST 2016, 18(4): 1027-1040 | Back to browse issues page

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Sharifi-Rad J, Sharifi-Rad M, A. Teixeira da Silva J. Morphological, Physiological and Biochemical Responses of Crops (Zea mays L., Phaseolus vulgaris L.), Medicinal Plants (Hyssopus officinalis L., Nigella sativa L.), and Weeds (Amaranthus retroflexus L., Taraxacum officinale F. H. Wigg) Exposed to SiO2 Nanoparticles. JAST. 18 (4) :1027-1040
URL: http://journals.modares.ac.ir/article-23-12014-en.html
1- Zabol Medicinal Plants Research Center, Zabol University of Medical Science, P. O. Box: 61615-585, Zabol, Islamic Republic of Iran.
2- Department of Range and Watershed Management, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Zabol, Islamic Republic of Iran.
3- P. O. Box 7, Miki-cho post office Retired, Ikenobe 3011-2, Kagawa-ken, 761-0799, Japan
Abstract:   (4791 Views)
In this research, two field crops(Zea mays L. and Phaseolus vulgaris L.), two medicinal plants(Hyssopus officinalis L. and Nigella sativa L.)and two weeds(Amaranthus retroflexus L. and Taraxacum officinale F. H. Wigg) were separately treated with three concentrations of SiO2 nanoparticles (400, 2,000, and 4,000 mg L-1). The effects of these treatments on morphological and biochemical characteristics of the plants were assessed, including germination, root and shoot length, root and shoot fresh weight, root and shoot dry weight, photosynthetic pigments, total carbohydrates, total protein, total amino acid, and proline content. In the crops and medicinal plants, 400 mg L-1 SiO2 NPs significantly increased seed germination, root and shoot lengths, fresh weights (except for H. officinalis) and dry weights, photosynthetic pigments, total protein, and total amino acid (except for H. officinalis). In weeds, as SiO2 NP concentration increased from 400 to 4,000 mg L-1, germination, root and shoot lengths, fresh and dry weights, and photosynthetic pigments as well as total protein decreased. Total carbohydrates in all plants decreased significantly, except for A. retroflexus at 400 mg L-1 SiO2 NPs. In all plant species, with increasing SiO2 NP concentration, proline content increased significantly. According to these results, a lower concentration of SiO2 NPs can have beneficial effects on morphological, physiological, and biochemical characteristics of plants.
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Article Type: Research Paper | Subject: Agronomy
Received: 2014/06/13 | Accepted: 2015/09/2 | Published: 2016/07/1

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