Volume 18, Issue 4 (2016)                   JAST 2016, 18(4): 961-973 | Back to browse issues page

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Forutan M, Ansari Mahyari S, Edriss M A. Genetic Analysis of Postnatal Mortality and Calving Traits in Iranian Holstein Herds Using Threshold-Linear Models. JAST. 18 (4) :961-973
URL: http://journals.modares.ac.ir/article-23-5654-en.html
1- Department of Animal Science, College of Agriculture, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan 84156-83111, Islamic Republic of Iran.
Abstract:   (2639 Views)
This study was conducted to estimate the additive genetic components of calf mortality in the first month of age, calving difficulty, and birth weight in Holstein dairy cows in the central regions of Iran. The records comprised 61,200 calves born between 1990 and 2011 from 60 dairy herds. Different threshold-linear models in three groups of univariate, bivariate, and multivariate models were used. The frequency of calf mortality was 2.6%. Distribution of calving difficulty score was 65.12% in the first category (no assistance), 30.66% in the second, 3.12% in the third, and 1.1% in the fourth (major assistance). Averages of birth weight and dam age were 40.34 kg and 769.4 days, respectively. Direct Heritability estimation for calf mortality varied from 0.005 to 0.027. The estimated heritability for calving difficulty ranged from 0.032 to 0.050. Heritability for birth weight was estimated about 0.22. The results of this study showed that there were genetic variations for all traits. Although there was no strong additive genetic correlation between the traits, an environmental correlation between mortality and other traits was observed. Results suggested that implementation of threshold models for mortality trait was more favorable, but they were not reflected in genetic analysis of calving difficulty records. Furthermore, current findings indicated that benefit from the use of multi-traits models for genetic evaluation of postnatal mortality depended on the methodology (linear or threshold model) used for mortality trait.
Full-Text [PDF 188 kb]   (21406 Downloads)    
Article Type: Research Paper | Subject: Animal Genetics
Received: 2014/10/11 | Accepted: 2015/07/7 | Published: 2016/07/1

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